Historical background




Kohtu 10 building is located on the eastern side of Toompea wall, above Pikk Jalg Street. From the house the view is beautiful over the Old Town and the sea. An arched passage from Kohtu Street leads to the inner courtyard of the building.

The general architecture, planning and many constructions come from the 18th century, but also some parts can be found from the period preceding the big fire which greatly damaged Toompea in 1684. Inside the house, various old architectural elements have been preserved.

Owners of the building have first been mentioned in the 16th century. From the 2nd half of the 18th century until the first half of the 20th century the house belonged to the Baranov family. The stem of the family is Mursa Shdan, a Tatar from the Crimea, who came to Moscow in 1460, became Boyard , was baptized and given the name of Daniel Baran (i.e. ram). The Baranov family came to Estonia in 16th century and stayed in Estonia. The Russian 1917 revolution and the land reform in Estonia in 1919 took away the family’s property, except Kohtu 10 house. At that time, the first tenant, the Polish Embassy, moved into part of the house, and stayed until Soviet occupation.

In soviet time and until 1993 the Estonian Ministry of Finance was located in Kohtu 10. In 1993 Estonia restored the house to the Baranov’s grand daughter, Tatiana de Montesquiou, who has totally restored it. From 1995 until 2006 the house has been rented out to the Delegation of European Union Commission in Estonia. Since Mai 2006, the main part of the house is rented out to the Portuguese Embassy in Estonia.